Human Remains; Mummified Body of Padiamun



Mummified remains of an adult male identified by inscriptions on the associated coffins as Padiamun, a doorkeeper of the temple of Amun [at Karnak] a job he had inherited from his father, Pen-hay. Their job was to maintain security at Karnak, the largest temple complex in Egypt. His mother was called Nehem-es-bastet. Padiamun meaning ‘he who Amun gave’ was a popular name in the Theban area where Amun was the chief god. X-rays and CT scans revealed that Padi-amun’s brain was removed through the nose, probably with a hook. All internal organs except the heart were removed through a cut on the left side of his body. Advanced wear on his teeth and arthritis of the back indicate Padi-amun died at middle to old age (40 - 65 years). The outer shroud of the mummy is of linen dyed reddish-brown, and it is retained by an intricate series of oblique and horizontal bandages of white linen. Padiamun’s mummified body was originally nested in a set of three coffins, but the middle coffin was lost in 1941 when the Museum was destroyed by a fire. X-rayed in November 1966 (Gray and Slow, 1968 pp. 21-28) with further radiograph examination in 1996, 2005 and by Dr R. Loynes in.2012 (Loynes, 2015).