Human Remains; Mummy of Nesmin
The mummifed body of an adult male called Nesmin, son of Ankh-hap. The outer wrappings of the mummy are covered with a layer of blackened resin, damaged at the feet, and the mummy itself is very solid and heavy. Over this outer layer lie a cartonnage mask, pectoral and apron. The mask is gilded, and the scenes are painted in red, blue, gold and black on a white ground. On the pectoral, below a winged scarab and a necklace of rosettes and lotus petals with hawk-head terminals, is a figure of the goddess Nut. Below this the mummy lies on a bier with Isis and Nephthys at the head and feet and surrounded by funerary deities. In 1929 Warren Dawson describes a fourth piece of cartonnage enclosing the feet “known as the boot” but this now damaged and kept separate (accession no. 56.22.586). Dawson describes how the four pieces of cartonnage “were sewn on to the outer shroud, which was often dyed red” (Dawson, 1929: 189). The mummy was X-rayed by PHK Gray in November 1966 and the interpretation of the radiograph images below is taken from the 1968 publication of the study: Skull - There are no obvious fractures, and the mouth is closed. There are a few teeth remaining in the maxilla, but the lower jaw appears edentulous. The cervical spine seems intact. Thorax and Abdomen - Apart from a layer of resin and a cylindrical mass lying obliquely in the left hypochondrium the cavities appear empty. The diffuse opacity shown in the region of the left flank probably represents a resin impregnated linen swab covering the embalming wound. Other than a crack fracture of the left 10th rib the bony cage and spinal column appear intact. There is partial calcification of the costal cartilages, and some arthritic changes are shown in the lower lumbar region. There is no opacification of the intervertebral discs. Pelvis - No abnormality is noted apart from sacralisation of the left transverse process of the 5th lumbar vertebra. Arms - These are folded upon the breast, right almost certainly being uppermost. The hands are in the shoulder areas, left fingers clenched, right extended. Legs - No fractures or dislocations seen. There is either an epiphyseal scar or line of arrested growth at the lower end of either tibia. Both internal menisci are opaque. The feet appear normal.