Human Remains; Mummy of Padiamun

M14003

On display

Padi-amun meaning ‘he who Amun gave’ was a popular name in the Theban area where Amun was the chief god. The inscriptions on his coffins tell us that he was a Doorkeeper of the Temple of Amun, a job he had inherited from his father, Pen-hay. Their job was to maintain security at Karnak, the largest temple complex in Egypt. His mother was called Nehem-es-bastet. X-rays and CT scans revealed that Padi-amun’s brain was removed through the nose, probably with a hook. All internal organs except the heart were removed through a cut on the left side of his body. Advanced wear on his teeth and arthritis of the back indicate Padi-amun died at middle to old age (40 - 65 years). The outer shroud of the mummy is of linen dyed reddish-brown, and it is retained by an intricate series of oblique and horizontal bandages of white linen. Padiamun’s mummy was originally nested in a set of three coffins, but the middle coffin was lost in 1941 when the Museum was destroyed by a fire. The mummy was CT scanned is 2012 - see Robert Loynes, ‘Prepared for eternity : a study of human embalming techniques in ancient Egypt using computerised tomography scans of mummies’ (Oxford, 2015).