Human Remains; Mummy of Padiamunnebnesuttauwy
Mummified body of a male adult associated with the coffin of Padi-amun-neb-nesut-tawy who lived and died during the 25th Dynasty when the kings of Kush ruled Egypt. His long name is typical of the time, it translates as ‘he who Amun-of-Karnak gave’. He was a low ranking priest and he would have helped to carry the sacred statue of Amun, which was hidden in a portable shrine at festival processions. The mummy was X Rayed in 1967 and CT scanned on 3 February 2008. Padi-amun-neb-nesut-tawy was middle aged when he died (35 - 50 years). CT scans revealed his teeth were worn away, almost to the roots and four of his back teeth are missing. He suffered from abscesses and gum disease which would have been very painful for him. Radiographs of the abdomen reveal opacity, so it is possible that this mummy has not been eviscerated.The general condition of the mummy wrappings is good. The outer linen shroud is held in place by broad retaining bandages which almost envelop the head, and which cross at the waist, pelvis and knees. There is slight damage to the outer wrappings just above the knee. In 1877 Egyptologist Samuel Birch of the British Museum advised that the mummy did not belong with coffin M14049 and should be within M13999 (coffin of Ankh-es-en-aset). This was an error that was not corrected until 2008. The mummy was CT scanned is 2012 - see Robert Loynes, ‘Prepared for eternity : a study of human embalming techniques in ancient Egypt using computerised tomography scans of mummies’ (Oxford, 2015).