Human Remains; Skeleton
Skeleton of an adult with six shell bangles preserved on each arm. The feet and hands are missing. The bones of the skeleton are marked by the excavator in pencil, "107 K'06". There is a photograph from 1906 in the Garstang Museum of Archaeology of the skeleton showing a contracted burial with pottery and other personal items such as a cosmetic palette. Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology excavations at Kostamneh (Nubia), 1906. The skeleton is displayed in a reconstructed burial shows a typical ‘sand burial’ from about 5,200 years ago, just before the introduction of writing. Like other burials of this time she rests on her left side with her hands in front of her face, as if sleeping. Jars containing food and drink suggest they believed in some form of an afterlife. Even after the introduction of coffins most people were still buried in simple shallow pits dug into the dry desert sand. Mummification was a skilled and time-consuming process which few could afford.