Although a contemporary of Rembrandt's, Bor favoured a different painting style. His work is characterised by a combination of dramatic lighting effects and classical formalism. Bor was influenced by the work of Caravaggio, which he saw during his stay in Rome in the 1620s. The figure is thought to represent Mary Magdalen and may be a portrait of the artist's wealthy wife Aleijda van Crachtwijk, whom he married in August 1632. She is shown holding a bottle of oil to anoint Christ's feet.