Sarcophagus Panel

59.148.282

Information

Relief from a sarcophagos, restored as the punishment of Prometheus (chained to rock, eagle, Zeus and five semi-draped women). Prometheus was a Titan whom ancient writers like Hesiod and Aeschylus developed into the man's creator and saviour against the tyranny of Zeus. Prometheus rebelled again Zeus when he deprived men from fire and secretely took it back to people. Zeus punished him by chaining him to a mountain peak at the edge of the stream of Ocean far from manking. An eagle was sent every day to gnaw Prometheus' liver which grew every night . The man seated in the centre is Zeus, Prometheus to his right. The women at the front deploring Zeus may be Oceanidae, the sea nymphs as identified by the dophin by the second seated nymph. Ashmole suggested that the nymphs may also be running to alarm Poseidon at the attack made by Peleus on Thetis.