Tryphoena causes Cleopatra to be murdered in the Sanctuary. A.M. 3890.

WAG 7728


This is one of a group of drawings by British artist and book illustrator Edward Francis Burney, depicting scenes from Greek and Roman history and mythology. One of the inscriptions on the margin, September No. 10, seems to refer to the month in a calendar for which Edward Francis Burney created this frontispiece drawing. Burney executed many headpieces of this kind for pocket calendars and memorandum books between 1796 and 1829. [See correspondence between Patricia Crown and Edward Morris, in the docket file.] Cleopatra IV (about 140 -112 BCE) married her brother, Ptolemy IX, as was customary in the royal family. In 115 BCE, he divorced her because he wanted to marry her sister, Cleopatra V Selene. Cleopatra IV then married the Seleucid prince, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus. Antiochus revolted against his brother, the rightful king, Antiochus VIII Grypus, who was married to Cleopatra IV's sister, Tryphoena (Tryphaena). Cleopatra IV was killed by Antiochus VIII, Tryphaena's husband, at the command of her sister.