This porcelain funnel, wooden mouth gag and rubber tube were used to force-feed suffragettes on hunger strike at Walton Gaol, Liverpool.
The women were forcibly held down, the rubber tube inserted through their mouth (or occasionally the nose) and pushed into the stomach, before liquid food was poured down the tube. This often caused long-term irreparable damage.
We don’t know exactly how many suffragettes were force-fed with this equipment in the Gaol, but a well-known case was that of Lady Constance Lytton, who, disguised as a working class woman, Jane Warton, was force-fed eight times in January 1910.
Suffragettes on hunger strike were force-fed in British prisons between 1909 up to the outbreak of the First World War.
Lent by National Justice Museum
The items will be on display until 28 January, 2019.