Black Salt: Britain’s Black Sailors reveals the contribution Black seafarers have made to some of the most significant maritime events of the past 500 years. The exhibition opens at Merseyside Maritime Museum on Friday 29 September 2017.
The exhibition is based on the book Black Salt: Seafarers of African Descent on British Ships, by historian Ray Costello. It will combine personal stories, historic data, objects and memorabilia to chart a course through the often troubled waters of Britain’s maritime past to explore the work of Black sailors. Historically overlooked, Black Salt shows how Black seafarers contended with the dangers and hazards of life at sea, and challenged inequality on board and ashore.
The painting The Death of Nelson by Daniel Maclise (which normally hangs at the Walker Art Gallery), shows that there were sailors of African descent who fought at the Battle of Trafalgar. Displays examine the turmoil between communities and social change during the twentieth century, with examples from the 1919 race riots archives and the work of leading Black Activist, Chris Braithwaite, who campaigned for seafaring workers’ rights.
Exhibition curator, Ian Murphy said:
“As well as revealing that there have long been Black seafarers, visitors may be interested to see that there are Liverpool stories in Black Salt: Britain’s Black Sailors. Joseph Gibson served in the merchant navy and fought in the First World War, and generations of both the Quarless and Savage families worked at sea. Their experiences are told through personal items including service books and medals.
“Elder Dempster shipping line operated one of its routes from Liverpool to the West Indies for 30 years from 1931. The exhibitionfeatures collections relating to the company which, from the1950s and 1960s at the height of trade, employed more than 4000 people including 1400 Nigerians and 400 workers from Sierra Leone.”
Black Salt: Britain’s Black Sailors brings the Black seafaring experience up to date with a display about current sailors including a profile on Belinda Bennett, who in 2016 became the first Black female captain, working in the cruise industry.
Ray Costello said:
“Generations of Black seamen have been serving on British ships for hundreds of years, yet aside from a few examples, they and Britain’s Black population have largely been overlooked by historians. The Black Salt exhibitionreveals the legacy of those sailors, many of whom signed off in British ports, which then saw the steady growth of Black populations in cities such as Cardiff, London and of course, Liverpool. Their experiences span the gamut of sorrow and tragedy, heroism, victory and triumph”.
Ray’s book Black Salt: Seafarers of African Descent on British Ships is published by Liverpool University Press and is available now.
Merseyside Maritime Museum
Merseyside Maritime Museum was the first public building to open at Albert Dock 30 years ago in 1986, heralding the renaissance of Liverpool’s iconic waterfront. Once a warehouse for high value goods like tea, silk, sugar and spirits, the Museum now explores Liverpool’s maritime history through its large and varied collection. Highlights include a lifejacket from a Titanic survivor, beautiful ship models, maritime paintings, colourful posters from the golden age of liners and even some full-sized vessels. Two major exhibitions tell the stories and history behind the tragic sinkings of Lusitania and Titanic, and their links to Liverpool. Visitors can also learn what it’s like to be a customs officer and captain a high speed cutter to stop smugglers in the hands-on gallery Seized! the Border and Customs uncovered.
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National Museums Liverpool
National Museums Liverpool comprises eight venues, including some of the most visited museums in England outside of London. Our collections are among the most important and varied in Europe and contain everything from Impressionist paintings and rare beetles to a lifejacket from the Titanic. We attract around 3 million visitors annually. Our venues are the Museum of Liverpool, World Museum, the Walker Art Gallery, Merseyside Maritime Museum, International Slavery Museum, Seized! (Border Force National Museum), Sudley House and the Lady Lever Art Gallery.