William Roscoe

Liverpool-born lawyer and banker (1753 - 1831), also an art collector, patron, anti-slave-trade MP, botanist and poet

Roscoe was a prominent lawyer and banker. He was also an author, art collector and patron, anti-slave-trade MP, botanist, poet and cultural historian of the 15th and 16th-century Medici rulers of Florence. He was the founder of many of the cultural and scientific institutions in late 18th- and early 19th-century Liverpool including the Liverpool Botanic Garden (1802) and the Liverpool Royal Institution, which after Roscoe's bankruptcy in 1816 housed a small group of paintings from his extensive art collection. The paintings were later first loaned (1893) and then presented to the Walker Art Gallery (1948) and form the core of its medieval and early Renaissance collections. Roscoe was the first person to write the biography in English of the Medici ruler, Lorenzo the Magnificent and the Medici Pope, Leo X.
  • Gender
  • Relationship
    Previous owner
  • Nationality
    British: English
  • Born
  • Place of birth
    Europe: Northern Europe: UK: England: Merseyside: Liverpool
  • Died
  • Place of death
    Europe: Northern Europe: UK: England: Merseyside: Liverpool: Toxteth
  • Cause of death
    Influenza; after Stroke in 1827
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