Francis Wheatley

English painter of landscapes and portraits (1747 - 1801)

Francis Wheatley studied at the William Shipley Academy in London and also at the Royal Academy Schools and Society of Artists where he won prizes for drawing. Wheatley was abroad in 1763, most likely in Western Europe.

He exhibited at the Society of Artists and was elected a member in 1770 and became a director in 1774. He also exhibited at the Royal Academy from 1778.

In 1779 he fled to Ireland to escape creditors, where he received commissions from aristocratic Irish families for large group portraits and informal conversation pieces. He returned to London at the end of 1783 and throughout the 1780s and early 1790s was engaged in producing a variety of compositions to be engraved: these included scenes from literature and contemporary poetry as well as fancy pictures of idealised everyday scenes, often showing children.

From 1793 Wheatley's series of 'the Cries of London' was engraved and published in Pairs. He was elected membership of the Royal Academy in 1791. Wheatley's last years from 1796 onwards were a record of ill health and debt which affected the quality and quantity of his output.
  • Gender
  • Relationship
  • Nationality
    British: English
  • Born
  • Place of birth
    Europe: Northern Europe: UK: England: London
  • Died
  • Place of death
    Europe: Northern Europe: UK: England: London
  • Cause of death
    Unknown or unrecorded
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