About this object

Granite pyramidion from a small pyramid built over the tomb of Neferronpet, vizier and High Priest of Ptah from the reign of Ramesses II to the reign of Sety II. Inscribed on four sides with sunk hieroglyphs, arranged into three columns, the text names Neferronpet's son the God's Father of Ptah Bakenptah, Neferronpet's wife Mutpipu and four daughters: Inuhayet, Taweretkha'ti, Res(et), and Henutmeter. One side indicates that the pyramidion/tomb was made by his son Bakenptah. Two corners were damaged by the heat of a fire when the museum was bombed in the Second World War. Translation of the text by Professor Kenneth Kitchen of the University of Liverpool:

Side 1: The Osiris, Noble in charge of the Two Lands, Prefect and Vizier, Neferronpet, born of the lady of the house, Qafriati, and son of the dignitary Neferronpet, justified.

Side 2: The Osiris, High Priest (of Ptah), and sem-priest, Neferronpet, justified; his daughter, Inuhayet, justified; and his daughter, Taweret-khati.

Side 3: Unveil your face, see the Lord of the Horizon, O Prefect and Vizier, Neferronpet! (And) his daughter, Musician of the Lady of the Sycamore, Res(et); his daughter, Henutmeter, justified.

Side 4: Made by his son, who perpetuates his name, the God's Father of Ptah, Bakenptah, son of the Prefect and Vizier, Neferronpet, and born of Mutpipu.

Notes by Professor Kenneth Kitchen (1987): "Neferronpet's mother, Qafriati, bears a foreign name, of not-wholly-clear origin...I find two possibilities: Gofrit, 'Brimstone' (a fiery lady?); Gafrit, 'female heart' (relying on an Arabic cognate of Hebrew Oper).

Object specifics

  • Type
  • Culture
    New Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Memphite Necropolis: Saqqara
  • Date made
    1279 BC - 1213 BC (Dynasty 19)
  • Materials
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Joseph Sams
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Memphite Necropolis: Saqqara
  • Date collected
    1833 before
  • Measurements
    460 mm x 330 mm x 290 mm x 56 kg
  • Related people
    Joseph Mayer ( Previous owner); Joseph Sams ( Collector, previous owner)

Explore related


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  • Catalogue of the Egyptian Museum, No. VII, Colquitt Street, Liverpool

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    Date: 1852
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    Publisher: Libr Honoré Champion
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Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: 1850
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Donation
  • Joseph Sams

    Owned from: 1833
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1850
    Disposal method: Sold
Object view = Humanities
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