About this object

Padi-amun-neb-nesut-tawy lived and died during the 25th Dynasty when the kings of Kush ruled Egypt. His long name is typical of the time, it translates as ‘he who Amun-of-Karnak gave’. He was a low ranking priest and he would have helped to carry the sacred statue of Amun, which was hidden in a portable shrine at festival processions. The mummy was X Rayed in 1967 and CT scanned on 3 February 2008. Padi-amun-neb-nesut-tawy was middle aged when he died (35 - 50 years). CT scans revealed his teeth were worn away, almost to the roots and four of his back teeth are missing. He suffered from abscesses and gum disease which would have been very painful for him. Radiographs of the abdomen reveal opacity, so it is possible that this mummy has not been eviscerated.The general condition of the mummy wrappings is good. The outer linen shroud is held in place by broad retaining bandages which almost envelop the head, and which cross at the waist, pelvis and knees. There is slight damage to the outer wrappings just above the knee. In 1877 Egyptologist Samuel Birch of the British Museum advised that the mummy did not belong with coffin M14049 and should be within M13999 (coffin of Ankh-es-en-aset). This was an error that was not corrected until 2008. The mummy was CT scanned is 2012 - see Robert Loynes, ‘Prepared for eternity : a study of human embalming techniques in ancient Egypt using computerised tomography scans of mummies’ (Oxford, 2015).

Object specifics

  • Type
    Animal Remains
  • Culture
    Third Intermediate Period
  • Artist/Maker
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Thebes
  • Date made
    747 - 656 BC about
  • Materials
    Human Body-Part; Textile
  • Location
    World Museum, Level 3, Ancient Egypt Gallery
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Joseph Sams
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Thebes
  • Date collected
    1850 before
  • Measurements
    270 mm x 350 mm x 1690 mm
  • Note
    For the name see Ranke, Personennamen, I, p. 122, no. 6 [pA-dj-jmn-nb-ns.wt-tw.wj]
  • Related people
    Joseph Mayer ( Previous owner); Joseph Sams ( Collector, previous owner)

Explore related


  • Catalogue of the Egyptian Museum, No. VII, Colquitt Street, Liverpool

    Mayer, Joseph

    Author: Mayer, Joseph
    Publisher: Joseph Mayer
    Date: 1852
    Description: Joseph Mayer published a catalogue of his collection in 1852, whilst it was at his Egyptian Museum in Colquitt Street. This is before he donated his collection to the Liverpool Free Public Museums in 1867 so his entries do not include the accession numbers that the objects now bear.

  • Egyptian Mummies in the City of Liverpool Museums

    Gray, Peter; Slow, Dorothy

    Author: Gray, Peter; Slow, Dorothy
    Publisher: Liverpool Corporation
    Date: 1968
    Description: Results of 1967 X Rays of the mummies in Liverpool Museum (now World Museum).

  • Egyptian Treasures in Europe volume 4: National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool

    Andrea Davies; Dirk van der Plas (ed)

    Author: Andrea Davies; Dirk van der Plas (ed)
    Publisher: Utrecht University
    Date: 2001
    Description: CD ROM with 1500 objects from World Museum's Egyptian collection, including some destroyed in World War Two. This is now available online: http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/default.aspx

  • Prepared for Eternity: A study of human embalming techniques in ancient Egypt using computerised tomography scans of mummies

    Loynes, Robert

    Author: Loynes, Robert
    Publisher: Archaeopress
    Date: 2015
    Description: This publication brings together personal analyses of sixty CT scans of ancient Egyptian human mummies collected from many museums throughout the UK and continental Europe, including eight from World Museum, Liverpool. The effect is that of performing ‘virtual autopsies’ (‘virtopsies’) allowing techniques of mummification to be examined. The historical age of the mummies ranges from the Middle Kingdom to the Roman Period. Several new observations are made regarding the preparation of mummies and confirmation of previously described themes is tempered by the observation of variations probably indicating individual workshop practices. The work presents a springboard for further detailed research on the subject.


Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: 1850
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Donation
  • Joseph Sams

    Owned from: 1833
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1850
    Disposal method: Sold
Object view = Humanities
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