About this object

Padi-amun meaning ‘he who Amun gave’ was a popular name in the Theban area where Amun was the chief god. The inscriptions on his coffins tell us that he was a Doorkeeper of the Temple of Amun, a job he had inherited from his father, Pen-hay. Their job was to maintain security at Karnak, the largest temple complex in Egypt. His mother was called Nehem-es-bastet. X-rays and CT scans revealed that Padi-amun’s brain was removed through the nose, probably with a hook. All internal organs except the heart were removed through a cut on the left side of his body. Advanced wear on his teeth and arthritis of the back indicate Padi-amun died at middle to old age (40 - 65 years). The outer shroud of the mummy is of linen dyed reddish-brown, and it is retained by an intricate series of oblique and horizontal bandages of white linen. Padiamun’s mummy was originally nested in a set of three coffins, but the middle coffin was lost in 1941 when the Museum was destroyed by a fire. The mummy was CT scanned is 2012 - see Robert Loynes, ‘Prepared for eternity : a study of human embalming techniques in ancient Egypt using computerised tomography scans of mummies’ (Oxford, 2015).

Object specifics

  • Type
    Animal Remains
  • Culture
    Third Intermediate Period
  • Artist/Maker
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Thebes
  • Date made
    747 BC - 656 BC about
  • Materials
    Body-Part Human; Resin; Textile
  • Location
    World Museum, Level 3, Ancient Egypt Gallery
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    John Barker
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Thebes
  • Date collected
    1833 before
  • Measurements
    345 mm x 460 mm x 1630 mm
  • Note
    X-rayed in 1966; and CT scanned in 1996 , 2005 and 2012.
  • Related people
    John Barker ( Collector, previous owner); Joseph Mayer ( Previous owner); Joseph Sams ( Previous owner)

Explore related

Publications

  • Catalogue of the Egyptian Museum, No. VII, Colquitt Street, Liverpool

    Mayer, Joseph

    Author: Mayer, Joseph
    Publisher: Joseph Mayer
    Date: 1852
    Description: Joseph Mayer published a catalogue of his collection in 1852, whilst it was at his Egyptian Museum in Colquitt Street. This is before he donated his collection to the Liverpool Free Public Museums in 1867 so his entries do not include the accession numbers that the objects now bear.

  • Catalogue of the Mayer Collection Part 1. The Egyptian, Babylonian and Assyrian Antiquities. Second and Revised Edition

    Gatty, Charles

    Author: Gatty, Charles
    Publisher: The Committee of the Liverpool Free Public Library, Museum and Gallery of Art
    Date: 1879
    Description: 83 page illustrated catalogue of Joseph Mayer's Egyptian and Near Eastern collection that was on display. It also includes a small number of other collections, such as those given by Mr William Crosfield in 1861, some by Mr Charles Stoess in 1869, and others by Mr J. A. Tinne in 1870. Occasionally reference will be made to the provenance of objects, in particular if they are from the Joseph Sams or Lord Valentia collections. The woodcut illustrations were produced by the noted Victorian illustrator and engraver, Llewellynn Frederick William Jewitt FSA. Compared to Mayer's 1852 catalogue there are more detailed descriptions for inscribed objects such as stelae, giving names and titles and the character of the text. Much of this information was provided by Samuel Birch of the British Museum who visited the collections in March 1877.

  • Egyptian Mummies in the City of Liverpool Museums

    Gray, Peter; Slow, Dorothy

    Author: Gray, Peter; Slow, Dorothy
    Publisher: Liverpool Corporation
    Date: 1968
    Description: Results of 1967 X Rays of the mummies in Liverpool Museum (now World Museum).

  • Egyptian Treasures in Europe volume 4: National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool

    Andrea Davies; Dirk van der Plas (ed)

    Author: Andrea Davies; Dirk van der Plas (ed)
    Publisher: Utrecht University
    Date: 2001
    Description: CD ROM with 1500 objects from World Museum's Egyptian collection, including some destroyed in World War Two. This is now available online: http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/default.aspx

  • Handbook and Guide to the Egyptian Collection on Exhibition in the Public Museums, Liverpool 4th Edition

    Newberry, Percy; Peet, Thomas Eric

    Author: Newberry, Percy; Peet, Thomas Eric
    Publisher: City of Liverpool Public Museums
    Date: 1932-03
    Description: The original handbook and guide was largey the work of Professor Newberry, before he retired from the Chair of Egyptology at the University of Liverpool. Professor T. E. Peet saw its completion, but also its revison in subsequent editions. The section on Meroe has been written by Miss D M Vaughan, M.A.

  • Prepared for Eternity: A study of human embalming techniques in ancient Egypt using computerised tomography scans of mummies

    Loynes, Robert

    Author: Loynes, Robert
    Publisher: Archaeopress
    Date: 2015
    Description: This publication brings together personal analyses of sixty CT scans of ancient Egyptian human mummies collected from many museums throughout the UK and continental Europe, including eight from World Museum, Liverpool. The effect is that of performing ‘virtual autopsies’ (‘virtopsies’) allowing techniques of mummification to be examined. The historical age of the mummies ranges from the Middle Kingdom to the Roman Period. Several new observations are made regarding the preparation of mummies and confirmation of previously described themes is tempered by the observation of variations probably indicating individual workshop practices. The work presents a springboard for further detailed research on the subject.

Events

  • Mummies and Treasures from the Graves

    Start date: 1991-07-10
    End date: 1991-07-10
    Description: An exhibition held at Yong-In Farmland, South Korea, 20 km south of Seoul.

Ownership

Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: 1850
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Donation
  • Joseph Sams

    Owned from: 1833
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1850
    Disposal method: Sold
  • John Barker

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1833
    Disposal method: Sold
Object view = Humanities
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