About this object

Rishi style mummy mask with a tiny gilded head, above which is a falcon enclosing the head of the deceased with its feathered wings. The deceased is wearing a many layered broad-collar of colured beads. There is a depiction of a large pendant-winged scarab with outstretched wings hanging below the collar from two long decorated bands. In the bottom part is a 'bib' bearing six columns of inscription with the 'Htp-di-nsw' offering formula but the owner is not identified, as the seventh column is left blank without a name. On the inside of the mask is the representation of the goddesses Isis and Nephthys. A wedjat-eye of Horus within a rectangle is painted on each shoulder. The feather pattern may represent the protective wings of Isis or the winged Ba-personality of the deceased. The very small face and feather pattern are characteristic of a style that appeared in the late 17th early 18th Dynasty. Egyptologists call this feather pattern decoration "rishi", after the Arabic word for “feathers”.

Object specifics

  • Type
  • Culture
    Second Intermediate Period - New Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date made
    1550 BC (Dynasty 17 - Dynasty 18 early) about
  • Materials
    Gold; Paint; Cartonnage
  • Location
    World Museum, Level 3, Ancient Egypt Gallery
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Henry Salt
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date collected
    1827 before
  • Measurements
    585 mm x 380 mm x 205 mm
  • Note
    Acquired at the sale of Henry Salt's collection at Sotheby's, London, 1835 lot 523.
  • Related people
    Joseph Mayer ( Previous owner); Henry Salt ( Collector, previous owner); Joseph Sams ( Previous owner)
  • Related documents/media

Explore related


  • A Funerary Mask in Durham The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology Vol 84

    Dodson, Aidan

    Author: Dodson, Aidan
    Publisher: Egypt Exploration Society
    Date: 1998
    Description: A journal article about mummy masks that includes M11020.

  • Catalogue of the Egyptian Museum, No. VII, Colquitt Street, Liverpool

    Mayer, Joseph

    Author: Mayer, Joseph
    Publisher: Joseph Mayer
    Date: 1852
    Description: Joseph Mayer published a catalogue of his collection in 1852, whilst it was at his Egyptian Museum in Colquitt Street. This is before he donated his collection to the Liverpool Free Public Museums in 1867 so his entries do not include the accession numbers that the objects now bear.

  • Catalogue of the Highly Interesting and Magnificent Collection of Egyptian Antiquities, the Property of the Late Henry Salt Esq., his Britannic Majesty’s Late Consul General in Egypt

    Sotheby and Son

    Author: Sotheby and Son
    Publisher: Sotheby and Son
    Date: 1852
    Description: Auction catalogue of the Henry Salt collection sold by auction by Sotheby and Son at 3 Wellington Street, Strand, London, on Monday 29 June 1835 and for 8 days afterwards. Available on Google books http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=K2pbAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA1&lpg=PA1&dq=sale+of+the+henry+salt+collection&source=bl&ots=Abag6tsY8B&sig=J0v7j6GCNxa_19F-y6JrjuajSb8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=aq70U4OyLNGB7Qa8oIE4&ved=0CFgQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=sale%20of%20the%20henry%20salt%20collection&f=true

  • Catalogue of the Mayer Collection Part 1. The Egyptian, Babylonian and Assyrian Antiquities. Second and Revised Edition

    Gatty, Charles

    Author: Gatty, Charles
    Publisher: The Committee of the Liverpool Free Public Library, Museum and Gallery of Art
    Date: 1879
    Description: 83 page illustrated catalogue of Joseph Mayer's Egyptian and Near Eastern collection that was on display. It also includes a small number of other collections, such as those given by Mr William Crosfield in 1861, some by Mr Charles Stoess in 1869, and others by Mr J. A. Tinne in 1870. Occasionally reference will be made to the provenance of objects, in particular if they are from the Joseph Sams or Lord Valentia collections. The woodcut illustrations were produced by the noted Victorian illustrator and engraver, Llewellynn Frederick William Jewitt FSA. Compared to Mayer's 1852 catalogue there are more detailed descriptions for inscribed objects such as stelae, giving names and titles and the character of the text. Much of this information was provided by Samuel Birch of the British Museum who visited the collections in March 1877.

  • Levende og dode i det gamle Aegpten: album til ordnung af Sarkofager, Mumiekister, Mumiehylstre o. lign

    Schmidt, V

    Author: Schmidt, V
    Date: 1919

  • Two mummy masks from the New Kingdom in Under the Potter’s Tree: Studies on Ancient Egypt Presented to Janine Bourriau on the Occasion of her 70th Birthday . Edited by D Aston. Leuven, Belgium: Peeters, 2011. p. 333–47

    Dodson, Aidan

    Author: Dodson, Aidan
    Publisher: Peeters
    Date: 2011


Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: 1839
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Donation
  • Joseph Sams

    Owned from: 1835
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1839
    Disposal method: Sold
  • Henry Salt

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1827
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
Found media!
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