About this object

The manufacturing of stone beads for jewellery was a major industry in ancient Egypt. The eastern desert was rich in supplies of blood-red carnelian that was very easy to break into circular shapes. Boring holes into the beads using rotating flint drills set into wooden handles was the hardest part of the job. Once polished the beads were ready for stringing into necklaces. This display of sixty stone tools was made by Charles Flaxman Spurrell in 1899. Sir Flinders Petrie had given him a selection of tiny stone tools (microliths) and stone and shell beads in various states of completion from Hierakonpolis, excavated by James Quibell and F. W. Green between 1897 and 1899. This display includes a piece carnelian (tool or just a flake?) and a flint core (annotated in pencil, ‘core’). The back of the card is annotated by Charles Flaxman Spurrell, providing a description.

Object specifics

  • Type
  • Culture
    Old Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Hierakonpolis
  • Date made
    2686 BC about
  • Materials
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Purchased from the collections of Norwich Castle Museum
  • Collector
    Flaxman Charles John Spurrell
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Hierakonpolis
  • Date collected
  • Measurements
    163 mm x 119 m
  • Note
    Five flints that had become detached from the card are now displayed on their own and have been given individual accession numbers (56.21.426.1-5)
  • Related people
    British School of Archaeology in Egypt ( Previous owner); Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery ( Previous owner); Flaxman Charles John Spurrell ( Collector, previous owner)


Previous owners

Object view = Humanities
Have 20 place tagsPage load time: 93 ms