About this object

Rectangular ash chest, decorated at the front only The sides are smooth but undecorated and the inner and back cavity rougnhly worked. The ash chest was not shaped to have a lid. The inscription is modern and copied from a marble table in the Galleria Lapidaria of the Vatican Museums:
D. M
RVTILIA
ROMANA
ANIMAE
BENE MERENTI
To the Shades, Rutilia Romana to (for) her well deserving soul.

The first letter D and M are bigger than the rest of the ones in the inscription. The simplicity of the letter forms suggest that they are of the 18th century. The deep cut of the inscription is also a sign that it was added after the original inscription was completely eroded. Traces of the letters of the original inscription can be seen underneath as the surface was not smoothened before the new inscription was added:
D M S
L
A O
AorB E?
At the front corners of the ash chest the columns are made of twisted plant stems with leaves forming the base and buds or flowers the capitals. The framed inscription seems to take too much space in between the stems. Below it there are two opposed facing griffins with a candelabrum or a thymiaterion in between them. The headS of the griffins turn back and look over their shoulders towards the corners. Many of the details have been worn but the beaks of the griffins, the crests and large wings are distinct. There is a flame burning on top of the candelabrum.
Twisted plant stems was a motif used in many ash chests and an alternative to columns. Beaked griffins associate with the god Apollo. Candelabra, similarly to torches were important in funerary rituals and incense burners were used in religious rituals. Perhaps the combination of candelabrum with the griffins is suggestive of a protective or sacred purpose.
The ash chest is in a poor condition and it is difficult to comment on its style. The corner twisted plants are popular in chests from the end of the 1st century AD to the end of the 2nd century AD and griffins with a candelabrum in between are popular from the mid 1st century AD and continue well into the 2nd century AD


inscription to Rutilia Romana has been carved on top of an earlier, badly weathered, inscription.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Religion
  • Culture
    Roman Imperial
  • Artist/Maker
  • Place made
    Europe: Southern Europe: Italy
  • Date made
    1st Century AD end - 2nd Century AD start
  • Materials
    Marble
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Col. Joseph W Weld, 1959
  • Collector
    Henry Blundell
  • Place collected
    Europe: Southern Europe: Italy: Rome
  • Date collected
  • Measurements
    270 mm x 255 mm x 260 mm
  • Related people
    Henry Blundell ( Collector, previous owner); Joseph William Weld ( Previous owner)

Explore related

Publications

  • Ancient Marbles in Great Britain

    Michaelis, A

    Author: Michaelis, A
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press
    Date: 1882
    Description:

  • Enhancing by inscription in the late eighteenth century: the case of Henry Blundell's Ash Chests

    Davies, G

    Author: Davies, G
    Publisher: Institute of Classical Studies
    Date: 2000
    Description:

  • Insciptions as texts and objects: approaches to epigraphic publication in the nineteenth century

    Davies, Glenys

    Author: Davies, Glenys
    Publisher: Oxford University Press
    Date: 2014-11
    Description:

  • The Ince Blundell Collection of Classical Sculpture. Volume 2 - The Ash Chests and other Funerary Reliefs

    Davies, Glenys

    Author: Davies, Glenys
    Publisher: Verlag Philipp von Zabern
    Date: 2007
    Description:

  • The Inscriptions on the Ash Chests of the Ince Blundell Hall Collection: Ancient and Modern

    Davies, Glenys

    Author: Davies, Glenys
    Publisher: Liverpool University Press
    Date: 2000
    Description:

Ownership

Previous owners

  • Joseph William Col Sir Weld

    Owned from: 1958
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1959
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Henry Blundell

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1810
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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