About this object

Rectangular ash chest, decorated on the front and the sides and with an inscription menitoning M. Burrius Felix. The inscription has been difficult to read because it is too worn, especially the ends of the lines are difficult to read. Davies (2007 ) read the inscription as following:
DIS MANIBUS SACRVM
M. BURRIO FELICI PATRON
BENE MERCENTI FECIT
M BYRRIVS HERMES
M BVRRIVS [ //} RIVS
ET BURRIA [///] MINI
M.BVRRIVS VANNIVS
M BVRRIVS ATTICVS
M BYRRIVS ABASCANTVS
The inscription is very long and cramped in the space, the letters are plain. The general meaning is that five freedmen and one freedwoman dedicated the ash chest to their patron M. Burrius Felix who was a well deserving patron. All the freedmen had taken the patron's nomen and praenomen and their names suggest they were of Greek origin. The patron may have also been a freeman because of the cognomen Felix.

The front of the chest has columns with spirally fluted shafts and Corinthian or leaf capitals and low bases. Two sets of garlands hang from the capitals: a fruit and a flower one hangs under the inscription and across a double crossed door. Shorter laurel garlands hang vertically down from the capitals between the columns and the inscription panel. The door is made of two leafs with two panels each and had heavily outlined mouldings which makes the panel look in recession. In each panel there is a lion's head with a ring in its mouth. The central doorpost has marks made with drillholes to suggest studs and an architrave and a low pediment with acroteria over the door. By the door there are two beaked (eagle) griffins, seated with their backs facing the door and their heads turning back over their shoulders. At the back corners there are pilasters with very worn capitals and deep and moulded bases. The field between the corner column and the pilaster has an eagle on each side with half spread wings and its feet placed on a squirming snake. The eagle on the right side looks like it has another snake wrapped around its beak. A stylised tree possibly a laurel is behind each eagle.

The door is a common design in ash chests and grave altars and it was used to either suggest that the ash chest is a miniature of a bigger architectural building or to represent the door to Hades or the barrier between the living and the dead. In the latter part of the first century BC seated griffins were extremely popular. In this ash chest they look like guardians of the door and may have an apotropaic role. Although eagles are common in ash chests their position here and their combination with laurel trees is more unusual.

The ash chest t is dated in the later part of the 1st century AD because of the motifs used in its decoration and the rather cluttered appearance, the large figures and the deep drilling, the style of the garland and the careless flutting of the columns. The three quarter position of the griffins is unusual.

It was scquired from the Villa Cesarina and exported by Ios del Prato.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Religion
  • Culture
    Roman Imperial
  • Artist/Maker
  • Place made
    Europe: Southern Europe: Italy: Rome
  • Date made
    80 AD - 100 AD Late Flavian
  • Materials
    Marble
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Col. Joseph W Weld, 1959
  • Collector
    Henry Blundell
  • Place collected
    Europe: Southern Europe: Italy: Rome
  • Date collected
    1789
  • Measurements
    390 mm x 450 mm x 325 mm
  • Note
    Inscription follows Davies (2007) reading, rather than C.I.L. The griffins compare well with with an ash chest in Warsaw showing sphinxes flanking the door. Similar but not as well execured to ash chests of Speratus in the Louvre and that of Statia Synoris in the Capitoline Museums.
  • Related people
    Henry Blundell ( Collector, previous owner); Ios del Prato ( Previous owner); Joseph William Weld ( Previous owner)

Explore related

Publications

  • Ancient Marbles in Great Britain

    Michaelis, A

    Author: Michaelis, A
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press
    Date: 1882
    Description:

  • Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum

    Author:
    Publisher: Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften
    Date:
    Description:

  • The Door Motif in Roman Funerary Sculpture

    Davies, G

    Author: Davies, G
    Publisher: British Archaeological Reports
    Date: 1978
    Description:

  • The Ince Blundell Collection of Classical Sculpture. Volume 2 - The Ash Chests and other Funerary Reliefs

    Davies, Glenys

    Author: Davies, Glenys
    Publisher: Verlag Philipp von Zabern
    Date: 2007
    Description:

Ownership

Previous owners

  • Joseph William Col Sir Weld

    Owned from: 1958
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1959
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Henry Blundell

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1810
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Ios del Prato

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: Unknown or unrecorded
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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