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Appendix 4: References and general notes


Most specific references are given within the footnotes, but references which are quoted widely are given as date and page number only and are referenced here:

  • Chisholm, Alec. 1941. Strange New World. Angus & Robertson, Sydney & London.
  • Chisholm, Alec. 1955. Revised and re-illustrated edition. Strange New World. Angus & Robertson, Sydney, London, Melbourne & Wellington.
  • Chisholm, Alec 1944 & 1945. Birds of the Gilbert diary parts 1 & 2. Emu October 1944, vol. 44: 131-150 and January 1845, vol.44: 183-200.
  • Fensham, R.J., A.R. Bean, J.L. Dowe & C.R. Dunlop. 2006. This disastrous event staggered me: Reconstructing the botany of Ludwig Leichhardt on the expedition from Moreton Bay to Port Essington, 1844-45. Cunninghamia 9 (4): 451-506.
  • Leichhardt, Ludwig. 1847. Journal of an overland expedition in Australia from Moreton Bay to Port Essington … during the years 1844-1845. London: T. & W. Boone, New Bond Street, London.
  • Murphy, John. Journal kept by John Murphy in the Port Essington Expedition. Manuscript in the Mitchell Library, Sydney. Transcribed and published by Dan Sprod in 2006 (see below).
  • Phillips, William; diary, see Sprod.
  • Reid, A.W. 1998. Aboriginal words of Australia. Reed New Holland, Sydney.
  • Sprod, Dan. 2006. Leichhardt’s Expeditioners in the Australian wilderness 1844-1845 [John Murphy and William Phillips’ diaries]. Blubber Head Press, Hobart.


Some of Gilbert’s common mis-spellings

  • apparantly
  • benifit
  • blasing (blazing)
  • course (coarse)
  • diorrhea
  • expence (expense)
  • oposite
  • quoutour (quota)
  • parrellel, parallel
  • parrolised (paralysed)
  • Plumb (Plum)
  • reconing (reckoning)
  • rout (route)
  • scarsely (scarcely)
  • sourse (source)
  • symtoms (symptoms)
  • their (there)
  • tracts (tracks)
  • tyed (tied)
  • untill
  • vallies (valleys)

Notes on the expedition's animals

  • The terrier was called Crib, the last remaining kangaroo dog was called Spring. Crib probably belonged to John Murphy and died on 21 February 1845
  • Gilbert’s horse was called Bobby, Roper’s was called Bobtail. In Gilbert’s diary for 24 March 1845 he recorded that Roper had a white horse.
  • John Murphy had a pony (died of poison on 15  or 16 June 1845).
  • Unnamed first bullock (steer) killed, Dry-beef Creek, 28 October 1844.
  • Unnamed second bullock killed, Browns Lagoon, 18 December 1844. This bullock had belonged to Mr Isaac (Hughes and Isaac of the Darling Downs) and was shot by Roper. See Murphy’s diary (Sprod 2006: 25).
  • Redman, third bullock killed, Mackenzie River, 16 January 1845.
  • Bawley, the bullock provided by Gilbert, and the fourth bullock killed, Isaac River, 17 February 1845.
  • Snowball, fifth bullock killed, Suttor River, 28 March 1845. Murphy recorded that this was the first working (pack) bullock to be killed (Sprod 2006: 48)
  • Red Steer, the sixth bullock (steer) killed, Burdekin River, 25 April  1845.
  • Bobtail (Roper’s horse) prepared, Burdekin River, 6 May 1845.
  • Lion, the seventh bullock billed, Lynd River, 27 May 1845. By then it was a poor beast with no fat.
  • Blue Rawsberry [Blue Raspberry?], “A fine little steer”, was the eighth beast killed, at a lagoon on [the Mitchell River], 16 June 1845.