Ram Mummy


About this object

This mummy is in the shape of animal, possibly a lamb, lying down with the legs folded under the body and the head held upright. The bandaging is in a plaited pattern of alternating strips of plain and dyed linen. X-rays and CT scans show this miniature ram-shaped mummy is mainly constructed from wooden sticks and small bones, likely belonging to a sheep foetus. The ram was sacred to the creator god Khnumn and mummified at Mendes and Elephantine.

The mummy was first X-rayed in the museum's conservation centre on 14 August 2008 and showed a small bundle of bones inside. Then in 2015 as part of the University of Manchester’s Animal Bio Bank Project we took the mummy to the Royal Manchester Children’s Hospital on 9th April 2015 for analysis by X-ray and CT scans.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Animal Remains
  • Culture
    Probably Romano-Egyptian
  • Artist/Maker
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date made
    332 BC - AD 394
  • Materials
    Body-Part Animal; Textile
  • Location
    World Museum, Level 3, Ancient Egypt Gallery
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Joseph Sams
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date collected
    1867 before
  • Measurements
    90 mm x 70 mm x 120 mm
  • Note
    Compare with three similar mummies in the National Museum of Antiquities in Leiden (AMM 16e; BA 217; BA 218). Raven and Taconis, 'Egyptian Mummies' (Turnhout, 2005) pp. 268-270
  • Related people
    Joseph Mayer ( Previous owner); Joseph Sams ( Collector, previous owner)


Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: 1850
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Donation
  • Joseph Sams

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1850
    Disposal method: Sold
Object view = Humanities
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